FDI In Real Estate Sector
FDI in India is prohibited in Real Estate Business. However for Construction Development, FDI is 100% permitted under automatic route without any approval. Construction Development includes townships, housing, built up Infrastructure and other construction development projects (which would include, but not be restricted to, housing commercial premises, hotels, resorts, hospitals, educational institutions, recreational facilities, city and regional level Infrastructure).
The aforesaid investment for construction development is subject to the following conditions:
1. Minimum area to be developed under each project would be as under
- In case of development of serviced housing plots, a minimum land area of 10 hectares
- In case of construction-development projects, a minimum built-up area of 50,000 sq. mts
- In case of a combination project, any one of the above two conditions would suffice
2. Minimum capitalization of US$10 million for wholly owned subsidiaries and US$ 5 million for joint ventures with Indian partners. The funds would have to be brought in within six months of commencement of business of the Company.
3. Original investment cannot be repatriated before a period of three years from completion of minimum capitalization. Original investment means the entire amount brought in as FDI. The lock-in period of three years will be applied from the date of receipt of each installment/tranche of FDI or from the date of completion of minimum capitalization, whichever is later. However, the investor may be permitted to exit earlier with prior approval of the Government through the FIPB.
4. At least 50% of the project must be developed within a period of five years from the date of obtaining all statutory clearances. The investor/investee company would not be permitted to sell undeveloped plots. For the purpose of these guidelines ―undeveloped plots will mean where roads, water supply, street lighting, drainage, sewerage, and other conveniences, as applicable under prescribed regulations, have not been made available. It will be necessary that the investor provides this infrastructure and obtains the completion certificate from the concerned local body/service agency before he would be allowed to dispose of serviced housing plots.
5. The project shall conform to the norms and standards, including land use requirements and provision of community amenities and common facilities, as laid down in the applicable building control regulations, bye-laws, rules, and other regulations of the State Government/Municipal/Local Body concerned.
6. The investor/investee company shall be responsible for obtaining all necessary approvals, including those of the building/layout plans, developing internal and peripheral areas and other infrastructure facilities, payment of development, external development and other charges and complying with all other requirements as prescribed under applicable rules/bye-laws/regulations of the State Government/ Municipal/Local Body concerned.
7. The State Government/ Municipal/ Local Body concerned, which approves the building / development plans, would monitor compliance of the above conditions by the developer.
The investment conditions specified in (1) to (4) for construction development is not applicable for Hotels and Tourism, Hospitals, Special Economic Zones, Education Sector, Old Age homes and Investments by NRIs.